• Category: People

Kheireddine Ettounsi (Hayreddin Pasha) | 1822/23 - 1890

Kheireddine Ettounsi (Kheireddine Pacha)

Born Abkhazia, 1822 (or 23); died Istanbul, Turkey 30 January 1890. Ottoman politician; became a Grand vizier of Ottoman Tunisia then a Grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire. He was an Ottoman Tunisian political reformer during a period of growing European ascendancy. He rose to become the chief minister of the state. Hayreddin was born in Abkhazia into "a family of warrior notables". His father was killed in Sukhum, in battle during one of Russia's campaigns in Abkhazia. Orphaned, Khayreddin was sold into slavery as a small child. As fortune would have it, he ended up in Istanbul in the household of the Cypriot Ottoman notable Tahsin Bey.

Hayreddin received a "first-rate education" which included the Islamic curriculum, also the Turkish language, and perhaps French; yet he was not raised as a mamluk. Following "the son's tragic premature death" Hayreddin was again sold, in Istanbul by Tahsin Bey to an envoy of Ahmed Bey of Tunis.  Soon he was on board a ship bound for Africa.

Grand Vizier of the Beylik of Tunis
In office
October 22, 1873 – July 21, 1877

Grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
December 4, 1878 – July 29, 1879

President of the Majlis al-Akbar
Beylik of Tunis
In office

Grand Vizier of the Beylik of Tunis
In office
October 22, 1873 – July 21, 1877

President of the Majlis al-Akbar
Beylik of Tunis
In office

Minister of Marine, Beylik of Tunis
In office

Kheireddine Ettounsi on Tunisian 20 dinar note (1992).

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hayreddin_Pasha

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